The fourth industrial revolution is about the internet of things, data and its usage and how technology can be used to create cheaper, more reliable and faster products. However, how the fourth industrial revolution advances in materials is equally exciting, even if it gets less publicity. 

Like nylon revolutionised clothing and carbon shafts revolutionised golf clubs, graphene, a material discovered at the University of Manchester has a key role in revolutionising how vehicles, and in particular planes, can be made in the future. Its strength and lightness creates a perfect opportunity to produce more efficient planes, as they will be lighter there will be savings on fuel usage and thus cost. The application of graphene could reinvent the combustion engine in cars and its wider usage is noteworthy.

Nano technology has an important role to play in the current industrial revolution we are seeing so while connecting everything via data is important, an equally important step is supporting research and the use of new materials in the manufacturing process.